Link between creativity and mental illness confirmed

16.10.2012, 11:10 | Wissenschaft | Autor: | Jetzt kommentieren


People in creative professions are treated more often for mental illness than the general population, there being a particularly salient connection between writing and schizophrenia. This according to researchers at Karolinska Institutet, whose large-scale Swedish registry study is the most comprehensive ever in its field.

Last year, the team showed that artists and scientists were more common amongst families where bipolar disorder and schizophrenia is present, compared to the population at large. They subsequently expanded their study to many more psychiatric diagnoses – such as schizoaffective disorder, depression, anxiety syndrome, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, autism, ADHD, anorexia nervosa and suicide – and to include people in outpatient care rather than exclusively hospital patients.

The present study tracked almost 1.2 million patients and their relatives, identified down to second-cousin level. Since all were matched with healthy controls, the study incorporated much of the Swedish population from the most recent decades. All data was anonymized and cannot be linked to any individuals.

The results confirmed those of their previous study: certain mental illness – bipolar disorder – is more prevalent in the entire group of people with artistic or scientific professions, such as dancers, researchers, photographers and authors. Authors specifically also were more common among most of the other psychiatric diseases (including schizophrenia, depression, anxiety syndrome and substance abuse) and were almost 50 per cent more likely to commit suicide than the general population.

The researchers also observed that creative professions were more common in the relatives of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, anorexia nervosa and, to some extent, autism.

According to Simon Kyaga, consultant in psychiatry and doctoral student at the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, the results give cause to reconsider approaches to mental illness.

“If one takes the view that certain phenomena associated with the patient’s illness are beneficial, it opens the way for a new approach to treatment,” he says. “In that case, the doctor and patient must come to an agreement on what is to be treated, and at what cost. In psychiatry and medicine generally there has been a tradition to see the disease in black-and-white terms and to endeavour to treat the patient by removing everything regarded as morbid.”

The study was financed with grants from the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Psychiatry Foundation, the Bror Gadelius Foundation, the Stockholm Centre for Psychiatric Research and the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research.

Publication: ‘Mental illness, suicide and creativity: 40-Year prospective total population study’, Simon Kyaga, Mikael Landén, Marcus Boman, Christina M. Hultman and Paul Lichtenstein, Journal of Psychiatric Research, corrected proof online 9 October 2012.

For further information, please contact:

Simon Kyaga, consultant in psychiatry, doctoral student
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Tel: +46 (0)8-524 822 77
Email: simon.kyaga@ki.se

Professor Paul Lichtenstein
Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Tel: +46 (0)8-524 874 24
Email: paul.lichtenstein@ki.se

Weitere Informationen:
- http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022395612002804

Quelle: idw


Weitere Nachrichten zum Thema
  • BildVienna Quantum Space Test Link: Meilenstein in Quantenkommunikation (03.05.2013, 17:10)
    Österreich und China verstärken die Zusammenarbeit in der Quantenphysik: Eine wichtige Voraussetzung dafür ist die heute Freitag eröffnete optische Bodenstation für Experimente im Bereich der Quantenkommunikation am Institut für Quantenoptik und...
  • BildFrontotemporale Demenz: Fehlender Link gefunden (20.06.2012, 11:10)
    München/Bonn, 19.Juni 2012. Forscher um Prof. Dr. Dieter Edbauer finden erstmals einen Link zwischen FUS und Tau. Beide Proteine haben eine wichtige Rolle bei der Entstehung der Frontotemporalen Demenz (FTD) und der Amyotrophen Lateralsklerose...
  • BildResearchers questioning the link between violent computer games and aggressiveness (02.04.2012, 18:10)
    There is a long-lasting and at times intense debate about the possible link between violent computer games and aggressiveness. A group of researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, are now questioning the entire basis of the...
  • BildMolecular link between diabetes and cancer described (15.11.2011, 15:10)
    The fact that diabetes raises the risk of certain types of cancer is already well known, but the reasons have been unclear. Now researchers at Lund University in Sweden have mapped a molecular link that explains the connection between the two...
  • BildThe Link between Blood Flow and Dementia (01.08.2011, 17:10)
    Dr. Gabor Petzold begins work as Research Group Leader at the DZNE and Senior Physician at the University Hospital of BonnHigh blood pressure is a typical risk factor for dementia. Why is that? What is the relationship between blood flow and...
  • BildNeuer Link zwischen Parkinsonscher Erkrankung und Proteinsortierung in der Zelle (15.07.2011, 12:10)
    Neuherberg, 15.07.2011. Wissenschaftler des Helmholtz Zentrums München und der Technischen Universität München haben in Kooperation mit der Medizinischen Universität Wien eine neue Mutation gefunden, die Morbus Parkinson verursacht. Die Mutation...
  • BildResearchers Link Gene Mutations to Ebstein’s Anomaly (16.02.2011, 11:00)
    Ebstein’s anomaly is a rare congenital valvular heart disease. Now, in patients with this disease, researchers of the Academic Medical Center Amsterdam in the Netherlands, the University of Newcastle, UK and the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular...
  • BildLink between nationality and cervical cancer (03.09.2008, 10:00)
    Gynaecological screening tests for cervical cancer have been available to all women in Sweden for almost four decades. Despite this, many immigrant women have a higher risk of developing the disease than Swedish-born women, according to a new...
  • BildLink between gene variant and relationship difficulties (02.09.2008, 11:00)
    Scientists at Karolinska Institutet have found a link between a specific gene and the way men bond to their partners. The results, which are presented in the scientific journal PNAS, can lead to a better understanding of such problems as autism...
  • BildFossile Feder als "Missing Link" in Bernstein (25.02.2008, 16:00)
    Wissenschaftler des Museums für Naturkunde Berlin fand Ur-Feder von Vögeln oder DinosauriernFossile Federn mit einer sehr ursprünglichen Struktur wurden in etwa 100 Millionen Jahre altem Bernstein aus dem Jura (Alb) in einem Steinbruch in...

Ähnliche Themen in den JuraForen


Kommentar schreiben

76 + Vie._r =

Bisherige Kommentare zur Nachricht (0)

(Keine Kommentare vorhanden)



Fragen Sie einen Anwalt!
Anwälte sind gerade online.
Schnelle Antwort auf Ihre Rechtsfrage.

JuraForum-Newsletter

Kostenlose aktuelle Urteile und Rechtstipps per E-Mail:

Top 10 Orte in der Anwaltssuche

JuraForum-Suche

Durchsuchen Sie hier JuraForum.de nach bestimmten Begriffen:

© 2003-2017 JuraForum.de — Alle Rechte vorbehalten. Keine Vervielfältigung, Verbreitung oder Nutzung für kommerzielle Zwecke.